تأثیر عوامل فردی و محیطی بر روی فرایند اشتراک دانش با نقش تعدیل گر تحصیلات

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار مدیریت مهندسی دانشکده مهندسی صنایع دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایرانران

2 عضو هیئت‌علمی دانشگاه مالک اشتر

3 کارشناس ارشد مدیریت مهندسی دانشگاه علم و صنعت

چکیده

موضوع اشتراک دانش یکی از چالش‌های مدیریت دانش است. با توجه به نظریه باندورا عوامل فردی و محیطی و رفتار در ارتباط متقابل با یکدیگر هستند، تأثیر عوامل محیطی و فردی بر نگرش اشتراک دانش و هم‌چنین، تأثیر متغیر تحصیلات به‌عنوان تعدیل گر بین نگرش اشتراک دانش و رفتار اشتراک دانش سنجیده شده است. از نوع کاربردی به روش پیمایشی- همبستگی است. جامعه پژوهش، کارکنان شرکت مهندسین مشاور اتحاد، 83 نفر به‌عنوان نمونه برحسب نمونه‌گیری ساده با استفاده از فرمول کوکران انتخاب شده است، روایی همبستگی سازه با شاخص‌های پژوهش از مدل روایی همگرا و واگرا با پایایی شاخص‌ها از بارهای عاملی با مقدار 0.8، ضرایب آلفا کرونباخ و پایایی ترکیب با مقدار 0.7 به دست آمده است. یافته‌ها نشان می‌دهد سازه‌های مستقل (عوامل محیطی و فردی) با مقادیر آماره‌ی t بالاتر از 1.96 بر روی سازه وابسته (نگرش اشتراک دانش) تأثیرگذار است؛ متغیر تعدیل گر تحصیلات به مقدار 0.408 GOF= نگرش اشتراک دانش با رفتار اشتراک دانش تأثیر معکوس داشته است. نگرش اشتراک دانش بر روی رفتار اشتراک دانش تأثیرگذار است و متغیر تحصیلات با توجه به علامت بارهای عاملی آن به‌طور معکوس به تعدیل رفتار می‌پردازد و نشان می‌دهد هر چه افراد تحصیلات بالاتری داشته باشند تمایل کمتری به اشتراک دانش دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effects of personal and environmental factors on the process of knowledge sharing with the role of education moderator

نویسندگان [English]

  • mostafa jafari 1
  • peyman akhavan 2
  • sayyed hojatollah eshaqi 3
2 faculty memeber, malek ashtar university of technology
چکیده [English]

Aim: The subject of knowledge sharing is one of the important challenges in knowledge management. According to the Bandura theory, personal factors, environmental factors, and behavior are in reciprocal relations with each other. In this research, the impact of environmental and individual factors on the attitude of knowledge sharing and also the effect of educational variables as a moderator between knowledge sharing attitude and knowledge sharing behavior have been investigated.
Methodology: The method of this applied research is survey-correlation. The research population includes the staff of Allied Consulting Engineers Company, from which, 83 people were selected as sample based on simple sampling using Cochran's formula. The structural correlation validity, the research indicators with convergent and divergent validity models, and the reliability of the factor load indicators were valued at 0.8, while Cronbach's alpha coefficients and the reliability of the combinations were valued at 0.7.
Findings: The findings show that independent structures (environmental and personal factors) with t values higher than 1.96 affect the dependent structure (knowledge sharing attitude); education moderating variable of GOF=0.408 has had a reverse effect on knowledge sharing attitude and knowledge sharing behavior.
Conclusion:  The knowledge sharing approach influences the behavior of knowledge sharing, and the education variable, with respect to the signs of its factor load, inversely modulates behavior and suggests that the higher the education of the people, the less their willingness to share knowledge

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Knowledge Sharing
  • Knowledge Management
  • individual factors
  • Environmental Factors
  • Education
  • knowledge sharing behavior

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